Connect with us

Hi, what are you looking for?

Right Decision NowRight Decision Now

World News

As world population hits 8 billion, China frets over too few babies

BEIJING/HONG KONG — Chinese software developer Tang Huajun loves playing with his two-year-old in their apartment on the outskirts of Beijing but he said he is unlikely to have another child. 

Such decisions by countless people like Mr. Tang will determine the course not only of China’s population but that of the world, which the United Nations says is projected to reach 8 billion on Tuesday. 

Mr. Tang, 39, said many of his married friends have only one child and, like him, they are not planning any more. Younger people aren’t even interested in getting married let alone having babies, he said. 

The high cost of childcare is a major deterrent to having children in China, with many families in an increasingly mobile society unable to rely for help on grandparents who might live far away. 

“Another reason is that many of us get married very late and it’s hard to get pregnant,” Mr. Tang said. “I think getting married late will definitely have an impact on births.” 

China was for decades preoccupied with the prospect of runaway population growth and imposed a strict one-child policy from 1980 to 2015 to keep numbers in check. 

But now the United Nations expects China’s population will start shrinking from next year, when India will likely become the world’s most populous country. 

China’s fertility rate of 1.16 in 2021 was below the 2.1 OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) standard for a stable population and among the lowest in the world. 

The anguish of the coronavirus pandemic and China’s strict measures to stamp it out may also have had a profound impact on the desire of many people to have children, demographers say. 

New births in China are set to fall to record lows this year, demographers say, dropping below 10 million from last year’s 10.6 million — which was already 11.5% lower than in 2020. 

Beijing last year began allowing couples to have up to three children and the government has said it is working towards achieving an “appropriate” birth rate.  

For planners, a shrinking population poses a whole new set of problems. 

“We expect the aging population to increase very rapidly. This is a very important situation facing China, different to 20 years ago,” said Shen Jianfa, a professor at the Chinese University of Hong Kong. 

The proportion of the population over the age of 65 is now about 13% but is set to rise sharply. A declining labor force faces an increasing burden of looking after the rising numbers of old folk. 

“It will be very high for some years,” Mr. Shen said of the proportion of elderly in the population. “That’s why the country has to prepare for the coming aging.” 

Alarmed by the prospect of an ageing society, China has been trying to encourage couples to have more children with tax breaks and cash handouts, as well as more generous maternity leave, medical insurance and housing subsidies. 

But demographers say the measures are not enough. They cite high education costs, low wages and notoriously long working hours, along with frustration over coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) curbs and the overall state of the economy. 

A key factor is job prospects for young people, said Stuart Gietel Basten, professor at Hong Kong’s University of Science and Technology. 

“Why would you have more babies when the people you have cannot even get jobs?” — Reuters

    You May Also Like


    The head of the International Monetary Fund has warned of increased risks to the stability of the financial system after weeks of banking sector...


    The Home Office has made next to no progress in tackling criminal fraud during the past five years, despite it having become Britain’s most...


    Mark Zuckerberg has laid off more than 11,000 Meta’s employees, about 13 per cent of its global workforce, in what he described as “some...


    1.22 billion people use Instagram every month. That’s a huge number of Instagrammers trying to hit it big on the platform all at the...

    Disclaimer:, its managers, its employees, and assigns (collectively “The Company”) do not make any guarantee or warranty about what is advertised above. Information provided by this website is for research purposes only and should not be considered as personalized financial advice. The Company is not affiliated with, nor does it receive compensation from, any specific security. The Company is not registered or licensed by any governing body in any jurisdiction to give investing advice or provide investment recommendation. Any investments recommended here should be taken into consideration only after consulting with your investment advisor and after reviewing the prospectus or financial statements of the company.

    Copyright © 2024 | All Rights Reserved